A well-known self-help plan is Alcoholics Anonymous . Other self-help programs enable alcoholics to stop drinking and stay sober on their own.. Alcoholism Treatment A team of specialists is often needed to deal with the alcohol dependent person. The physician usually plays a key part in medical stabilization and facilitating treatment access, but others are routinely required beyond the initial management . Treatment of alcoholism can be split into three stages.‘They have a decreased gag reflex and an elevated risk of movement of nasopharyngeal and gastric contents to their lungs, if they lose consciousness especially,’ she said. ‘Both of these defects provide additional possibilities for S. Pneumoniae to enter their lungs. Host defenses within the lungs of alcoholics are compromised also, so they aren’t well equipped to take care of the infection once the lungs are reached by the organisms. Cigarette smokers have an elevated susceptibility to pulmonary attacks caused by S also. Pneumoniae. Smokers are much more likely to become colonized with the organism in their mouths and nasopharynx than non-smokers.